AskDefine | Define machine

Dictionary Definition

machine

Noun

1 any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of human tasks
2 an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently; "the war machine"
3 an efficient person; "the boxer was a magnificent fighting machine"
4 4-wheeled motor vehicle; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; "he needs a car to get to work" [syn: car, auto, automobile, motorcar]
5 a group that controls the activities of a political party; "he was endorsed by the Democratic machine" [syn: political machine]
6 a device for overcoming resistance at one point by applying force at some other point [syn: simple machine]

Verb

1 turn, shape, mold, or otherwise finish by machinery
2 make by machinery; "The Americans were machining while others still hand-made cars"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

French and Old French machine, from latinized Greek machina, from Doric Greek μαχανά (makhana) (Ionic Greek μηχανή mekhane) "machine, tool", from μάχος, μήχος (makhos, mekhos) "device, assistance, way".

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. belonging to a machine
  2. made by a machine

Noun

  1. a mechanical or electrical device that performs or assists in the performance of human tasks, or is used for amusement (like a pinball machine).
  2. the group that controls a political or similar organization.
  3. a vehicle operated mechanically; an automobile.
  4. a person who seemingly acts like a machine, a person who is very proficient at a task.
    Bruce Campbell was a "demon-killing machine" because he made quick work of killing demons.

Translations

Verb

  1. to make by machinery.
  2. to shape or finish by machinery.

Translations

French

Pronunciation

Noun

fr-noun f
  1. machine

Extensive Definition

The scientific definition of a "machine" (derived from the Latin machina) is any device that transmits or modifies energy. In common usage, the meaning is that of devices having parts that perform or assist in performing any type of work (cf Concise Oxford Dictionary). Machines normally require some energy source ("input") and always accomplish some sort of work ("output"). Devices with no rigid moving parts can be considered tools.
A machine is anything that makes work easier.
People have used mechanisms to, or transform one form of motion or energy into another.
The mechanical advantage of a simple machine is the ratio between the force it exerts on the load and the input force applied. This does not entirely describe the machine's performance, as force is required to overcome friction as well. The mechanical efficiency of a machine is the ratio of the actual mechanical advantage (AMA) to the ideal mechanical advantage (IMA). Functioning physical machines are always less than 100% efficient.
Modern power tools, automated machine tools, and human-operated power machinery are tools that are also machines. Machines used to transform heat or other energy into mechanical energy are known as engines.
Compound machines are composed of more elementary machines called simple machines, such as the wedge and the pulley. Machines are considered simple machines if they perform their action in one movement. These devices may also be used to support industrial applications, although devices entirely lacking rigid moving parts are not commonly considered machines. Hydraulics are widely used in heavy equipment industries, automobile industries, marine industries, aeronautical industries, construction equipment industries, and earthmoving equipment industries.

Types of machines and other devices

References

machine in Azerbaijani: Maşın
machine in Bulgarian: Машина
machine in Catalan: Màquina
machine in Czech: Stroj
machine in Danish: Maskine
machine in German: Maschine
machine in Estonian: Masin
machine in Modern Greek (1453-): Μηχανή
machine in Spanish: Máquina
machine in Esperanto: Maŝino
machine in French: Machine
machine in Galician: Máquina
machine in Korean: 기계
machine in Croatian: Strojevi
machine in Ido: Mashino
machine in Indonesian: Mesin
machine in Icelandic: Vél
machine in Italian: Macchina
machine in Hebrew: מכונה
machine in Latin: Machina
machine in Malay (macrolanguage): Mesin
machine in Dutch: Machine
machine in Japanese: 機械
machine in Norwegian: Maskin
machine in Norwegian Nynorsk: Maskin
machine in Polish: Maszyna
machine in Portuguese: Máquina
machine in Russian: Машина
machine in Simple English: Machine
machine in Slovak: Stroj
machine in Slovenian: Stroj
machine in Finnish: Kone
machine in Swedish: Maskin
machine in Tagalog: Makina
machine in Tamil: இயந்திரம்
machine in Turkish: Makine
machine in Ukrainian: Машина
machine in Urdu: آلہ
machine in Wolof: Wuutuloxo
machine in Chinese: 機械

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

American Party, Anti-Monopoly Party, Bull Moose Party, Bund, Communist Party, Composaline, Conservative Party, Constitutional Union Party, Democratic Party, Democratic-Republican Party, Diatype, Ditto, Elrod, Farmer-Labor Party, Federalist Party, Fotomatic, Fotosetter, Fototronic, Free Soil Party, Greenback Party, Intertype, Know-Nothing Party, Labour Party, Liberal Party, Liberal Republican Party, Liberty Party, Linotype, Monotype, Multigraph, National Republican Party, Photon, Populist Party, Progressive Party, Prohibition Party, Republican Party, Rochdale cooperative, Socialist Labor Party, Socialist Party, Socialist Workers Party, Tammany Hall, Teletype, Tory Party, Whig Party, Zip, addressing machine, alembic, alliance, anvil, apparatus, appliance, assemblage, association, auto, autocar, automaton, automobile, axis, band, bloc, boat, body, buggy, bus, cabal, caldron, camp, car, carve, chisel, city hall, clique, coalition, college, combination, combine, common market, confederacy, confederation, consumer cooperative, contraption, contrivance, convenience, convert, cooperative, cooperative society, corps, council, crate, credit union, crucible, cultivate, customs union, device, drive, duplicator, economic community, engine, enginery, extract, facility, faction, federation, fixture, free trade area, gadget, gang, gizmo, golem, group, grouping, grow, harvest, heap, hectograph, implement, instrument, jalopy, lathe, league, machinery, major party, make, manufacture, mechanical aid, mechanical device, mechanism, mechanize, melting pot, mill, mimeograph, mine, minor party, mob, mortar, motive power, motor, motor vehicle, motorcar, motorize, motorized vehicle, multiple party system, one-party system, opposition party, organization, partnership, party, party in power, phototypesetter, political machine, political party, power plant, power source, prime mover, process, pump, raise, rear, refine, retool, retort, ring, shape, sharpen, smelt, society, splinter party, stock ticker, system, teleprinter, teletypewriter, test tube, third party, ticker, tool, transducer, transformer, tub, two-party system, typewriter, union, utensil, utility, vehicle, voiture, wheels, wreck
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